These records were compiled from the National Archives. Red Cross Archives Series Reference: NO1. WWII Missing in Action or Lost at Sea More than 80,000 names of military personnel reported Missing in Action or Lost at Sea during World War II. In 1942 and 1943, Australian and British POWs who had been captured at the Battle of Singapore in February 1942 were shipped to North Borneo to construct a military airstrip and prisoner-of-war camps at Sandakan, North Borneo (Sabah). Details for each entry may include: • First name • Middle name • Last name • Service code • State of residence • Area • Status • Detaining power • Camp × This series is comprised of approximately 60,000 cards used by the Central Bureau for Wounded, Missing and Prisoners of War of the Australian Red Cross to trace the welfare and whereabouts of members of the armed forces, and some civilians, during the Second World War, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. 4 By Lee A. Gladwin The Oryoku Maru under attack at Olongapo, Luzon, December 14–15, 1944. Many digital copies of World War II service records already exist. 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit, Copyright At the end of the war Australian prisoners of war were widely distributed: 5,549 on Singapore Island and in Johore (Malaya); 4,830 in Burma and Thailand; 265 in French-Indo China; 385 on Java; 243 on Sumatra; 100 on Ambon; 2 on Macassar; 7 on Bali; 150 at Kuching (British North Borneo); 2,700 distributed between Japan, Korea, and Manchuria; and 200 on Hainan Island. Food shortages for the Soviet Army led to forced labor of some prisoners. Australian War Memorial, Canberra. The wave of Japanese victories, ending with the capture of the Netherlands East Indies in March 1942, left in its wake a mass of Allied prisoners of war, including many Australians. Stalag Luft III a large prisoner of war camp near Sagan, Silesia, Germany (now Żagań, Poland), was the site of an escape attempt (later filmed as The Great Escape). During World War II, it has been estimated that between 19,500 and 50,000 members of the Imperial Japanese military were captured alive or surrendered to Western Allied combatants, prior to the end of the Pacific War in August 1945. They include information about their position in the Australian Military Forces such as their service number, rank and unit, as well as a note of whether they were missing or had become a prisoner of war. Only 4,044 members of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) were taken prisoner across all theatres of operations between 1915 and 1918. Use the 'help' tab for questions. National Archives of Australia fact sheet 61. We recognise their continuing connection to land, sea and waters. 2. It consisted of several volumes listing the names of prisoners of war and missing servicemen from the Australian Military Forces as at 30 June 1944. 1. On the Western Front battlefields from 1916-1918, 3,853 Australian troops were taken prisoner by German forces, most of them held in Germany. The name Changi is synonymous with the suffering of Australian prisoners of the Japanese during the Second World War. Australian Military Forces WW2 Missing and Prisoners Of War, Australian Imperial Force Embarkation Roll 1914-1918, Australian Imperial Force Nominal Roll 1914-1918. War History / Education / POW Names This map shows regions of the World in which Australians have been engaged in conflict and held as Prisoners of War. AIF units were split up between various forces and work parties. It is generally agreed that conditions were overall better for Axis POWs captured by the Allies than for Allies captured by the Axis. Some of these contain sections on the experiences of those members of the unit who were taken prisoner-of-war, often with lists of names. The Australian Military Forces World War Two Missing and Prisoners of War records include the names and details of approximately 23,000 servicemen from the Pacific theatre of World War Two who were recorded as missing or prisoners of war. Did your ancestors serve in the Pacific theatre of World War Two? This is ironic, since for most of the war in the Pacific Changi was, in reality, one of the most benign of the Japanese prisoner-of-war camps; its privations were relatively minor compared to those of others, particularly those on the Burma–Thailand railway. After the war, Australian prisoners of war in Europe were largely forgotten, overshadowed by the experiences of the 22,000 Australians (including some civilians) who became prisoners of the Japanese in the Asia Pacific region. The World War II Prisoners of War Data File Index holds 143,374 records that begin on December 7, 1941 and continue through November 19, 1946. Most of the Australians (14,972) were captured in Singapore; other principal Australian prisoner-of-war groups were captured in Java (2,736), Timor (1,137), Ambon (1,075), and New Britain (1,049). Search the databases using name of unit, name of camp, name of force (such as A Force, Ramsay Force) or name of country (remember that some countries now have a different name – Taiwan was still called Formosa during the war). All rights reserved. Lists of those who died while imprisoned. Sir Edward "Weary" Dunlop — an Australian surgeon and legend among prisoners of the Thai Burma Railway in World War II Clive Dunn — British Dad's Army actor, captured following the Battle of Greece in 1941 and held in German captivity until the end of World War II Regimental nominal rolls – includes name, rank, regiment and date. Basic biographical information about all Australian servicemen and women is available on the Department of Veterans' Affairs Nominal Roll. Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions, Australian prisoners of war: Second World War prisoners of the Japanese, General information about Australian prisoners of war of the Japanese, "The historic war site of the Changi Murals: a place for pilgrimages and tourism", "Commemorating and commodifying the prisoner-of-war experience in south-east Asia: the creation of Changi Prison Museum", "A map to Paradise Road: a guide for historians", Sources on Australian investigations into Japanese war crimes in the Pacific", "The life experience of partners of ex-prisoners of war of the Japanese", Australian Military Forces [AMF] Prisoner of War and Missing, Far East and South West Pacific Islands, Researching Australian prisoners of war: Second World War – prisoners of the Japanese. A number of Australian airmen were also shot down and captured by the Germans. Soviet troops seized and imprisoned more than half a million Japanese troops and civilians in China and other places. This Unique Memorial was opened on the 6th February 2004 to recognize and remember those Australians who became Prisoners of War during the Wars of the 20th Century. The records cover those who went missing or were taken as prisoners of war from the Far East and South West Pacific islands, and in particular in Malaya, Java, Timor, Ambon, Rabaul, New Guinea and Papua. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country throughout Australia. Journal of the Australian War Memorial articles. These prisoners—being Australian—promptly told the Japanese to do one. Bill: 0419-500983 Australian POWs. This is a list of prisoner of war camps in Australia during World War II.. During World War II many enemy aliens were interned in Australia under the National Security Act 1939. Each record includes a transcript. This photograph, of Japanese soldier Yasuno Chikao just before he struck, was taken from the body of a Japanese casualty later in the war. Come and see why. The Japanese became so incensed that they ordered every POW in the Changi peninsula to sign an agreement promising not to escape. Australian prisoners of war: Second World War pris... Includes information about the areas Australian prisoners of war were captured and held in captivity. Lists of prisoners created by liberating armies during 1945. Over 22,000 Australians became prisoners of war of the Japanese in south-east Asia. We pay our respects to elders past and present. Nineteen Australian prisoners were killed, apparently as incidental victims of a Chinese guerrilla raid on a camp where they were working; but near the end of the war Major Ian Macrae and five other prisoners escaped to take their chances with the Chinese and lived to rejoin their liberated fellow prisoners. Leonard Siffleet was an Australian Special Forces radio operator, sent to Papua New Guinea to establish a coast watching site … Learn details about their position in the Australian Military Forces, their rank and unit, and discover whether they met the tragic fate of becoming a prisoner of war or going missing. Only a minority of Australians endured captivity, but the experiences of those imprisoned by the enemy did not sit comfortably within the overly heroic and masculine self-image that … Britons represent the largest number in the collection, followed by Dutch, Americans and Australians. These records, originally known as the ‘Records of 2nd Echelon, Land Headquarters - Australian Military Forces prisoners of war and missing, Far East and South West Pacific Islands’, was created by the 2nd Echelon of Land Headquarters. As on the Burma Railway the prisoners were forced to workat gunpoint, and were often beaten whilst also receiving very little food or medical attention. With these few words, from the poem “For the Fallen” by the English poet and writer Laurence Binyon, we welcome you to the Australian Ex-Prisoners of War Memorial. Prisoners of War Search Search the Prisoners of War Names ListOr Browse the Lists below Boer War Korean War Merchant Navy World War 1 Nurses World War 2 We hold: 1. some records of those held captive by German, Italian or Japanese forces 2. some questionnaires which may reveal personal information as well as details of experiences in the prisoner of war camps 3. some individual reports which may reveal details about capture or escape attempts from prisoners of war camps in central Europe 4. selected records of Merchant Navy prisoners of war 5. documents which reveal information about some prisoner of war camps 6. records of enquiries into mis… About 8,600 Australians became prisoners of the Germans. 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